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He was a passionate and committed educator, reflected in his comment in the school magazine: Send us only those children who want to come to boarding school in general and to Capricorn in particular and help us make them happy and proud to remain here and we shall do the rest. Harman's attitude to teaching was again exemplified in when the commented in that year's school magazine that, To be in the hurly-burly or school life, to watch growth of all kinds; these are what makes teaching worthwhile.

Harrison, 41, completed his internship at Tygerberg Hospital in , after which he worked as a mine medical officer for JCI for five years, followed by five years as a GP in Letsitele. Professionally, Harrison was an astute clinician, always up to date with the latest literature and extremely well read. He was a lifelong student, having obtained in the s no fewer than four Wits diplomas in tropical medicine and hygiene, occupational health, health service management and public health respectively.

Following his passion, Harrison re-entered the field of occupational medicine in , working first as an occupational health consultant for Anglo Platinum and then for Lonmin. He also held a diploma in infectious diseases from the University of London. At the time of his death Harrison was pursuing his Masters degree in occupational health through the University of Manchester. Harrison is survived by his wife, Frances, and older son, Luke. The former head of religious studies at Wits was a world-renowned authority on anti-Semitism and a campaigner against prejudice and injustice.

Born 7 December , Hellig matriculated from Johannesburg Girls High, then completed degrees in religious studies and teaching. She married Dr Michael Hellig BDS , MDent in and taught at high schools in the early sixties while raising three children, all of whom are Wits graduates. She returned to Wits in lecturing on world religions, obtaining her PhD in and serving as department head and honorary research fellow in the nineties. A prolific writer, Hellig? She curated the Seeking Refuge exhibition in association with the Goethe Institute focusing on German-Jewish refugees who settled in Johannesburg in the thirties, and was involved in the establishment of the Johannesburg Holocaust Centre.

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He completed national conscription in the navy before enrolling at Wits and graduating with first-class honours in history and English. The political policies at the time obligated him to cut his ties with his homeland although he remained a vigorous protester against apartheid while abroad. He lectured modern British history at the University of Melbourne until his retirement in He is survived by his mother and siblings. Born 13 September , Pincus worked as an orthopaedic surgeon at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital after graduating, serving on the teaching staff for over twenty years.

A Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in England, Pincus most recently taught in the faculties of medicine, dentistry and physiotherapy at Toronto University in Canada. He was a visiting lecturer in architecture and building science.

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Pitt served on a number of boards including that of the Urban Foundation and he held a variety of directorships. It was there that his interest in auscultation and phonocardiology was aroused, an interest he actively pursued throughout his career. He was an acknowledged leader in cardiology and was perhaps best known for his work on the aetiology and significance of late systolic murmurs and mitral non-ejection clicks which he showed to be usually due to billowing of the mitral valve.

He also described several associated features, including mild mitral regurgitation, ECG changes and arrhythmias. Now universally known as Barlow's syndrome, his original paper on this topic which appeared in is the second most cited paper ever published in the British Heart Journal and in was identified as a Citation Classic by the Institute for Scientific Information. Professor Barlow had an ongoing and major interest in rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease and was actively involved in a major epidemiological study of the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in the school children of Soweto undertaken by Dr Margaret McLaren in the early s.

He received an MD from Wits in for a thesis on late systolic murmurs and non-ejection systolic clicks, and in he was elected FRCP. In recognition of his many outstanding contributions, Wits appointed him as Professor of Cardiology Ad Hominem in He retired in but continued to see outpatients, consult and supervise registrars for the next 18 years, right up to a few months before he died.

On behalf of the Faculty and ourselves, we extend our deepest sympathy to Professor Barlow's sons, Richard and Clifford, and their families. He was 87 years old. Born in Villiersdorp, Barnard received the first scholarship for apprentice electricians awarded by the Johannesburg City Council. He studied further in England after receiving his undergraduate degree and later, a diploma in township development from Wits.

Barnard went on to become City Electrical Engineer of Johannesburg, retiring from the City Council in after more than 41 years of service. He chaired the Association of Municipal Electrical Undertakings from to and was the first electrical engineer to serve on the Electrical Control Board, from to Barnard travelled the world as part of his service on national and international electricity advisory boards. His other accomplishments include scoring two holes-in-one in golf and qualifying as a bowls umpire in Behr commenced his studies at Wits in and was elected cheerleader by popular acclaim in He graduated from Wits with a BSc Eng Mining Geology degree and worked briefly with the Geographical Survey, after which he went into private practice.

Behr was a respected consultant involved in exploration work throughout South Africa, Botswana and Namibia until the time of his death. He is survived by his wife. He also taught at Harvard Medical School during this time. Braudo subsequently moved to Toronto, beginning a long association with the Hospital for Sick Children. Braudo then practised privately, specialising in paediatrics and clinical paediatric cardiology in and continuing in this field for some 40 years. An art connoisseur, Braudo acquired an extensive collection of modern paintings comprising South African, American and Canadian works and one of the largest collections of indigenous Canadian art.

He travelled extensively, visiting remote places such as Antarctica, eastern Turkey, Ethiopia and Libya, and frequently visited his native South Africa. Acutely aware of the importance of his initial training and education at Wits, Braudo was a generous benefactor to the Faculty of Medicine. His legacy both at Wits and in Toronto is entrenched and he inspired many in their careers as doctors, healers and caregivers. Braudo never married but left a multinational network of colleagues, friends and family members who remember him with great fondness as a remarkable individual.

He was 38 years old. Lockwood will be remembered as a young academic with a brilliant record, a deep understanding of the South African research landscape and an ability to inspire young people. He was 69 years old and lived in Ireland. Watson was a botanist, zoologist, biologist, anthropologist, ethologist and author of many new-age books. He was intent on making sense of natural and supernatural phenomena in biological terms. Born in South Africa as Malcolm Lyall-Watson, he had an early fascination for nature in the surrounding bush.

After attending Rondebosch Boys, High School in Cape Town, he enrolled at the age of 15 at Wits, where he earned his undergraduate degree. An apparent polymath, Watson was director of the Johannesburg Zoo at 23 and subsequently became a producer of documentaries on sumo wrestling and paranormal phenomena at the BBC the period during which he adopted Lyall as his first name , an expedition leader and researcher in Antarctica, the Amazon River, Seychelles and Indonesia, the Seychelles commissioner for the International Whaling Commission, and founder of the life science consultancy, Biologic of London.

Describing himself as a scientific nomad, Watson considered conventional science simply inadequate to explain much of human experience. In the s he wrote books on a wide variety of topics, of which Supernature , a worldwide bestseller exploring phenomena such as ESP, psychokinesis and telepathy in nature, Gifts of Unknown Things and Lifetide are among the best known. Watson was married three times. His first two marriages ended in divorce and his third wife died in His niece, Katherine Lyall-Watson, recalled a quote that summed up his attitude to work and life: I live and work alone and travel light, relying largely on my memory and making a point of letting intuition guide my way.

He is survived by his brothers Andrew and Craig. He retired from this post in January He served as a Senator of the College of Medicine of South Africa for more than 15 years and as its Honorary Registrar for three years. He chaired the College's Examinations and Credentials Committee at the time of his death. A pioneer in the field of osseointegrated implants, Prof. Lownie contributed significantly to the profession. He trained a generation of maxillo-facial and oral surgeons, initiating transformation through training black students in this field before it became an official requirement.

Lownie was a man of principle and high standards. He led from the front, doing what he expected of others. He was an ideal academic, combining clinical practice with research to produce evidence on which to base patient care, an activity that produced a steady output of publications, including one in when he was very ill. He was a longstanding Honorary Research Fellow in the now-defunct Dental Research Institute, jointly supervising 16 Masters degrees and publishing 12 scientific papers with colleagues.

His booming voice and infectious laugh will be missed. Born in Sweden, Luck relocated with his family to Kenya in He returned to Sweden at the age of 12 to be an apprentice to a blacksmith and carpenter, received a Swedish matriculation and then came to Wits to study medicine, thereafter specialising in physiology. Luck married in and took up the Chair in Physiology in the new pre-medical course for students at Fort Hare University. Three years later he took up the chair of physiology at Makerere University Medical School in Uganda.

Here he became increasingly involved in animal physiology as big game parks in western Uganda were being established and the efficient tranquillising of game was required. Luck established a research team that undertook drug-darting experiments that culminated in the use of M99 and its antidote, a breakthrough in large animal tranquillisation.

In the s, Luck developed his vision for a mobile field laboratory, the first of its kind in East Africa, drawing researchers from the USA, Scandinavia, Germany and Britain. In the late s, Luck took up the chair of physiology at Wits Medical School. He moved later to the Wits Dental School, where there was more scope for the animal research he sorely missed. Here he pursued studies of fruit bats, keeping a roomful of them in his department! So enthusiastic was he that five PhDs on the unique metabolism of these creatures were produced by his department.

Luck maintained his interest in carpentry and wrought-iron work throughout his life. In his fifties he learned Spanish in order to hone these skills under a Spanish master smith. He retired at 60 and set up a forge and carpentry shed from which he produced doors, balustrades and gates. He established a carpentry school and took on apprentices in wrought-iron work. Active in his forge until the age of 80, he was still working in copper at the age of To the end of his life he remained a teacher, ever willing to share his knowledge and enthusiasm with anyone who truly wished to learn.

Ashley Callie was tragically killed in car accident on 15 February After graduating in , Callie appeared in a number of television productions including Uninvited Guest, Homeland and Natural Rhythm. In she played in the Pieter Toerien production of Things You Shouldn't Say Past Midnight for which she was nominated for best actress in a comedy.

In , she appeared in the international film. The Surprise. Callie is survived by her parents Graham and Claire, sister Lauren and brother John. Born 12 November , Conacher studied geography and sociology. He held a teaching diploma and dedicated his life to education. He is survived by his three children. Cowan was born 9 April He died at the age of Three years later he studied medicine and married Edna Ostrowiak after graduating.

He joined State health in and then studied anatomical pathology. He was senior pathologist at the SA Institute of Medical Research for thirty years and discovered the endemic nature of a particular disease. This was the focus of his PhD. In he and his wife founded the Readucate Trust to continue the work of the Rebecca Ostrowiak School of Reading established by his wife and her mother in Freinkel is survived by his wife and four children, three of whom are Wits alumni. Born 27 April , Gavronsky was awarded the Henry St. Heime Geffen 3rd. August , passed away on the 27th October, , at the Hospice Niagara, in St.

Catharines, Ontario, Canada, having fought bravely and to the end, against leukaemia. Geffen graduated from Wits. He set up a Family Practice in Springs, providing service to all patients across the racial divides, and also administered anaesthesia at the Geduld Hospital. Because of his liberal and progressive political outlook, at times outspoken, he felt, and was threatened, by the ruling apartheid authorities. When the opportunity arose in to migrate to Canada, Dr. He quickly established a thriving Family Practice at the Community Group Health Centre, and became known widely for his thorough, excellent and accurate medical skills, as well as for his quiet, calming demeanour.

Geffen participated in local and regional medical administrative organizations, and rose to be the President of the Lincoln County Academy of Medicine, the Chairman of the Department of Family Medicine at the Hotel Dieu and St. Catharines General Hospital and then the Niagara Health System, when 7 regional hospitals merged under one administration. He was also instrumental in setting up Pain Management Clinics, was a guiding force and fund-raiser in the establishment of a hospice for terminally ill patients, as well as establishing regional sexual assault services and an Urgent Care Clinic.

Geffen was an avid golfer and bridge player, and often had his life? He was also the Physician Examiner for Boxing Ontario, and had a passion for soccer, attending the World Cup in Germany with his son Martin, for three weeks, in Geffen continued making the headlines, even during the height of his final illness, as he responded, all but miraculously, with an almost two year remission from the leukaemia, following the use of Lifemel, a special brand of honey, from Israel. Geffen was devoted to his family and his Jewish faith and was an active member of Congregation B?

Nai Israel in St. Catharines, where he was interred in it? This was followed later by a ceremony at the General Hospital commemorating his medical career, and at which state of the art equipment was donated and dedicated to the Oncology department in his name. Heime Geffen will be missed by his loving family, colleagues, and wide circle of friends. Born in Ermelo, then Eastern Transv l on 18 June , Goldberg matriculated from Ermelo High before completing his undergraduate and teaching degrees at Wits.

He held teaching posts in Johannesburg and London and was the first male teacher appointed at King David School.

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He married Musa Katz in and the couple had three children, two of whom are Wits alumni. As executive director of the Board in the eighties, he had the dual challenge of protecting the Jewish community while condemning apartheid. He retired in A prolific writer, he contributed to several publications and published Portrait of a Community: South African Jewry in After Grant completed Standard 8, he joined the South African Air Force as a fitter and turner, simultaneously pursuing further study and obtaining his matric, a technikon qualification and Wits engineering and applied mathematics degrees by Grant was the founder member and subsequently an honorary member of the engineering section of the Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns Academy for Science and Arts and was involved in the establishment of the South African Council for Professional Engineers, serving as a member on the first Council.

He was awarded the State President? Grant retired to his farm in Mpumalanga in the early s but re-emerged in to work on the vortex separation theory, which he developed over five years to suit the separation of silicon isotopes for the electronics industry. Grant is survived by six children, 18 grandchildren and one great-grandchild. She studied further, eventually qualifying as a psychologist. She specialised in treating children who had lost a parent and published extensively in this field. Born in Johannesburg, Todes trained as a dentist at Wits but then emigrated to England in objection to apartheid.

He retrained as a doctor and worked in Boston and at Harvard, where he held a teaching fellowship. He specialised in psychoanalysis and child psychiatry and did pioneering work in the prevention of illness and the promotion of health. In he married Lili Loebl and the couple settled in England.

Todes worked with Anna Freud in her late father's practice in Hampstead until when they clashed over the best way to treat severely disturbed children. Diagnosed at age 39, Todes devoted the remainder of his life to the pursuit of a cure. In addition to medicine, his curative efforts included the controversial transplant of live foetal cells into his brain, the infusion drug concoctions, acupuncture, spirituality and participating in a trial for a miracle cure at the Opus Dei hospital in Spain. The last proved so unsuitable a regime that his wife smuggled him out through the laundry before dawn.

Todes is survived by his wife and three children. He was born 24 March Vosdick Lindo Webb BSc, , former lecturer in the School of Electrical and Information Engineering from to and assistant in the laboratories until , passed away on 23 June , aged Born in Witbank, Webb matriculated with distinction and then made his way to the Big City in search of a job during the Depression years. He was initially apprenticed as a plumber and tinsmith, but Webb's employer arranged a laboratory assistant position in the Wits Electrical Engineering Department after noticing his passion for all things electrical.

His interest in electrical machines together with his exemplary academic record won him a Chamber of Mines scholarship for electrical engineering in Working part-time as a power station attendant and studying in the evenings, Webb graduated as an electrical engineer in Having been unsuccessful in joining active service in the war owing to poor eyesight, he entered the war supplies structure until he was recalled by the University to join Prof. Goldsmith's secret war projects team. Although Webb never revealed what they were busy with, he regaled his family with tales of how they would stand guard with knobkerries as there were no spare rifles available!

With the cessation of hostilities Webb married a Canadian nurse in and then joined Wits as a lecturer in heavy current engineering and machines. Webb was responsible for establishing the Electrical Engineering Department's laboratory facilities to meet the demand for training created by returning ex-servicemen.

These laboratories were his baby and he remained a central figure in their development and operation until his first nominal retirement in After a short sabbatical, the University recalled Webb to assist with laboratory supervision and external examiner duties. He continued until his failing eyesight finally forced him, after 50 years, to bid farewell to his beloved machines in His empathetic style, dry humour and passion for his subject left lasting impressions on most of his students, together with the memory of his hallmark phrase, Now then gentlemen, let's gather round and talk about this Webb was a devoted family man and handled his sons, nephews and nieces with the same educationally empowering approach he adopted with his students.

He contributed practically to his church and community, based on his life philosophy of when in doubt, do something for somebody. His family recalls some of his last words: It is the duty of engineers to help their fellow man, you know. Webb was an accomplished yet humble man devoted to teaching and the service of others and has left an enduring legacy.

Born 6 December , Dische emigrated after graduating to specialise in paediatrics. She married pathologist Dr Frederick Dische in and worked part-time in schools and clinics in south London while raising her family. She had remarkable success in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis nigh bed-wetting , an area in which she specialised. She was a recognised authority on the use of enuresis alarms and was in demand as a teacher and writer. He was Docrat was born 26 June He joined the office of the Public Protector as chief financial officer in , a post he held at the time of his death.

He is survived by his wife, parents and siblings. He was 88 years old. An enthusiastic hiker, he had been enjoying a hike in the Berg over the long weekend in April, , when an unfortunate accident resulted in head injuries. After many months of hospitalization during which he experienced and rallied from many complications, he had finally started making real progress, when he broke his hip and died of an embolism following an operation. Keith leaves his wife, Joy, two daughters Elizabeth and Claire and grandchildren.

Joy and Elizabeth took turns caring for him in his final months. This illustrates his deep understanding and wealth of knowledge about biochemistry. He was able to explain complex concepts and I very much enjoyed his lectures which were full of insight and peppered with subtle humour. In , he came to South Africa and took up the Professorship of Biochemistry at Wits where he remained after his retirement as Emeritus Professor. During his time there he was an active researcher and prolific publisher. These three papers alone have been cited times between them — quite a start to a career.

His most cited paper was cited times. My estimate is citations in total or an average of He had 4 Nature scientific articles and one opinion piece. To everyone who interacted with him in various capacities, it was obvious that Keith had a very keen analytical mind. He could tease apart data and find new ways to address biochemical investigations and other problems. He often brought fruit and vegetables and seeds from his garden to give to staff and students in the School of Molecular and Cell Biology. On the other hand, he very much enjoyed visits to the Ballet, Opera, and Orchestral concerts, all of which indulged his passion for music.

To this end, he played the cello and sang in The Bach Choir and yet he remained passionate about Biochemistry. He enjoyed writing about the subject and unearthing and understanding the background to biochemical advances and gaining insight on the scientists involved. He had recently been working on conceptual problems in Biochemistry and would source the earliest editions of papers sometimes requiring assistance from colleagues to translate from German.

Keith also enjoyed travelling and architecture and was fascinated by other cultures, and of course continued to enjoy the camaraderie and physicality of hiking. It took some explaining for him to be released. She was 35 years old. Born in Klerksdorp, she was the second of three children and the only daughter of Sally and Michael McLaren. She grew up in gold mining communities in Deelkr l and Aggenys and was educated at Potchefstroom High School for Girls, where she was a gifted academic and an Honours Roll student.

After matriculating in , McLaren pursued a degree in her first love, junior primary teaching, at Wits in She retired temporarily from teaching to focus on parenting after the birth of her son in During this time she established African Mother, a charity organisation that aimed to raise funds to secure the future of children born to HIV-positive women. During her treatment, she fulfilled the dream of a fellow young terminal patient by arranging for him to meet his heroes, several Springbok rugby players.

McLaren returned to teaching in , just months prior to her untimely death, and wrote a teacher's guide to developing children's self-confidence. A natural and brilliant teacher, a devoted mother and a spirited, intelligent, creative and compassionate individual, she was loved and respected by children and colleagues and made a significant impact on the lives of those she knew.

She is survived by her parents, her brothers, Shane and Brent, and her son, Ethan. He returned to Natal University as a lecturer in the early sixties and came to Wits four years later, where he would spend the remainder of his career. In he married Valda and the couple had two children. Moelwyn-Hughes took sabbatical leave to Stanford, Cambridge and Oxford universities to pursue chemistry research, and later to research staff development methodologies. He was actively involved in the Staff Association regarding conditions of service and teaching accountability.

He established the Staff Development Centre at Wits in the eighties and pioneered many of the teaching and employee procedures that are the mainstay of Wits today. He retired in and emigrated to UK following a pulmonary embolism. He returned to Johannesburg in and settled in Hermanus in His legacy endures through his children and through the Wits Centre for Learning and Teaching Development.

This distinguished alumnus and Wits benefactor held a BSc from the University of Fort Hare, and several honorary doctorates from American and South African universities, including Wits. He was secretary of the ANC Youth League in the forties and, in the fifties, was arrested, twice stood trial with Mandela and was convicted and banned for five years.

During this time he graduated, married and worked at Baragwanath and in private practice. He remained active in civic politics, serving as vice-chair of the Black Parents Association for which he was detained and as leader of the Soweto Committee of Ten. The Committee,formed to run Soweto's affairs after the collapse of the Soweto Urban Bantu Council, was banned by the apartheid government on 19 October ,Black Wednesday.

Although released the same year, Motlana was prohibited from attending meetings, refused passage to travel abroad and denied a passport for 31 years. He established a grocery shop and remained active in resistance politics in the eighties, campaigning against the Black Local Authority Elections. He pursued various business interests, including forming the first black-owned chemicals company, Africhem, establishing a uniform manufacturing company, Phaphama Africa and founding the first privately owned, black hospital in the country, Kwacha - later Lesedi Clinic.

Sizwe Medical Aid Scheme was formed concurrently, the first scheme to be owned and operated by blacks. He also formed New Africa Marketing to employ detained youth. He also served on the Wits University Council. He received the Financial Mail Lifetime Achievement Award for his role in business and community in He survived by his wife, six children, 11 grandchildren and one great grand child.

The first black Professor at Wits and the man who drafted the Freedom Charter clause, the doors of learning and culture shall be opened to all, Professor Ezekiel Eskia Mphahele died in Limpopo Province on 27 October The herd boy born 17 December in Marabastad in the former Northern Transv l only began school at 13 but would become a world-renowned author, educator and literary giant. He worked as a clerk at a school for the blind in the mid-forties and then taught at Orlando High in Soweto.

He resigned in protest at Bantu education enforced in the fifties. He then worked in journalism for Drum magazine but was forced into exile by the apartheid government.

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  • In his groundbreaking novel, Down Second Avenue, immortalised his hometown and became a literary classic. In he convened a conference of black writers in Uganda and later that year moved to Paris, where he headed a cultural forum secretly funded by the US's Central Intelligence Agency CIA. He obtained degrees from the University of South Africa in the sixties and was the first person there to be awarded a distinction for a thesis.

    He was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature. He moved to Zambia in when his next novel, The Wanderers, was published. He Africanised his name to Eskia in defiance of linguistic oppression, offended as he was with the conventional spelling of Africa with a c, which he believed colonizers of Afrika had created for their own convenience. He continued to write prolifically and established the Black Education and Research Centre in Soweto.

    The second volume of his autobiography, Afrika My Music, was published in His legacy lives on through his works and the Eskia Institute. He is survived by his wife, children and grandchildren. He returned to South Africa and married Abigail with whom he had one daughter. In the family relocated to England where Mynhardt specialised in surgery at Oxford.

    Actively involved in the community, Myhardt served on the town council and as mayor. A rugby enthusiast, he was lifelong vice-president of the South African Rugby Board. He emigrated with his family to the US in , where he saw out his retirement. Spies returned to Boys High in and taught History for 15 years. In addition he represented the Transvaal in Hockey. He obtained a PhD from Wits in After leaving Boys High as a teacher Spies joined the staff of the University of South Africa, where he stayed until his retirement in Spies authored countless articles and co-authored and contributed to a number of books and publications.

    He died at his home in Garsfontein on 22 July and was survived by his wife, Marion, and three children. Her passion for social change led to her initiating the Soweto English Language Project, out of which grew her highly regarded series of textbooks for the teaching of English. She won the prestigious Wits Academic Citizenship Award in Stein was responsible for the annual Nadine Gordimer lecture series, which provided an opportunity to bring Wits University closer to a wider audience. Stein's many publications spanned the fields of educational and semiotic theory and practice, as well as art and culture generally.

    Stein's doctorate on multi-modal pedagogies was the basis for her critically acclaimed book, Multimodal Pedagogies in Diverse Classrooms: Rights, Representations and Resources Routledge, One reviewer commented that the book breathed life into theory. Stein was a great collaborator her recent guest editorship with Denise Newfield of English Studies in Africa is testimony to this. She was joint leader of the Wits Multi-literacies Research Project and an organiser of the highly successful 14th International Conference of Learning, held at the Wits School of Education in June A brilliant teacher, Stein was admired and loved by students and colleagues alike.

    To many of those who knew her, Stein was a true Renaissance woman. She was generous, hospitable, had the flair of a magician, longed for a new world, and had a love of adventure and difficult intellectual challenges. She could turn the ordinary into the extraordinary with the flick of her pen, her smile, her life. She will be sorely missed. Born 31 July , Katzen obtained first-class passes in English and history for her undergraduate and Honours degrees and won the South African Association of University Women's Prize in She lectured in history before winning a scholarship to the London School of Economics in the fifties for her Masters degree in history.

    During this time she was a research fellow at the Institute of Colonial Studies at Oxford. She lectured history at the University of Cape Town in the early sixties before being detained for anti-apartheid activities. After her release, Katzen emigrated to England where she worked at the University of Leicester until her retirement in She is survived by her two children.

    He completed military service and then trained as an anaesthetics registrar after graduating, earning an anaesthetics diploma in A highly skilled cardio-thoracic and neuro-surgical anaesthetist, Veliotes participated in in anaesthetising the tallest living man, Gabriel E Monjane, for a hip replacement, and anaesthetising to separate the Matebela Siamese twins —— the successful separation of which made world headlines. Veliotes also held diplomas in hospital management and conflict resolution. He received a service excellence award in Derek Scott Henderson died in Grahamstown on 8 August , aged Born in Durban, Henderson was home-schooled before matriculating from St John's College in Houghton, at which he was head boy.

    He also held an Honours degree from Cambridge in the logic section of the moral sciences tripos. In Henderson moved into the corporate world, joining the Anglo American Corporation as private secretary to Harry Oppenheimer. He then started lecturing mathematics at Wits until his interest in computers led him to Harvard University, where he obtained his doctorate in applied mathematics making him one of only 12 doctorates in the field of computer science at the time. Dr Flynn is an experienced teacher and researcher in contemporary, world and Irish Literature and Drama.

    She has written, directed and acted for theatre and worked as a journalist for over 7 years. Her primary research area is post-reformation English Catholicism, with a focus on recovering the lives and writings of early modern women. She had co-edited a scholarly edition of the seventeenth-century biographies of Anne and Philip Howard, Earle and Countess of Arundel, now in its final editing stage. She has now published several studies for her next book project, subject of this visit: the recovery, from multiple contemporary translations, of the lost Life of Father John Cornelius, SJ, by Dorothy Arundell, later Dame Dorothea, active participant in the English Mission.

    By foregounding the persistent authority and authorship of an English Catholic woman, Dorothy Arundell, one whose voice has remained identifiable over four centuries and in three languages other than her own her original English work almost certainly lost soon after its initial composition , this publication project underscores the fundamentally important role played by Catholic women in the later Elizabethan years, in England and Ireland as well as among communities of exiles on the continent.

    Her research explores what it means to be fully literate in the digital era and considers how education must respond to this at a conceptual, systemic and classroom level. This publication is under contract with Springer and will be published later this year. Wolters oregonstate. Project Title: Sustainability in Practice: The role of worldviews and values on sustainable lifestyles. I hold a PhD in Environmental Science, with a concentration on applied social science research and policy. Research interests include environmental politics and policy broadly, with a focus on water policy, climate change, sustainability, and science and policy.

    Recently I coauthored the book When Ideology Trumps Science: Why We Question the Experts on Everything from Climate Change to Vaccinations Praeger Publishers, , which examines how embedded beliefs like political ideology and positivism create a cognitive bias toward personal beliefs rather than scientific consensus. Publications: Bishop HJ. Jason also comes with a particular interest in representing scholarly writing not just digitally, but interactively, and plans to collaborate with members of staff to achieve interactive scholarly outcomes. Additionally he is interested in creating literary augmented reality walks, locative and app based adventures where the notions of movement and place can be replicated across cultures and geographies via digital writing.

    Bio: Coming from Australia, Jason Nelson is a creator of curious and wondrous digital poems and fictions of odd lives, builder of confounding art games and all manner of curious digital creatures. She earned her Ph. This collection of essays takes a global history approach to consider the role of regulation of bodily habits to colonial and state modernization schemes of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Her area of research examines the intersections of migration policy and immigration, policing and law enforcement, and sex work and other forms of intimate labor.

    Her new book-length project, which is in the process of being conceptualized, will tackle the global story of anti-trafficking activism from the s to She is also looking at how local communities along the US-Canadian border policed prostitution and enforced international anti-sex trafficking conventions. She is Director of the Mikel Laboa Chair, sponsored by this same university. She is the author of diverse publications and has taken part in different research projects.

    Her main areas of research are linked to the anthropology of language and feminist anthropology. In recent years bertsolaritza has occupied an important position in her research work. Proof of that are the different publications, lectures and talks given on this topic. Currently the body, emotions, gender… are the main focus of her work, from which she analyses both bertsolaritza and Basque culture in general.

    Project in The Moore Institute: The uses of classical models in Irish political monuments erected after Born in London and educated at Girton College, Cambridge, Hill moved to Ireland in where she works as an architectural historian and biographer. Yeats; and a writer of plays, essays, stories, and translations of Irish legends.

    I specialise in the literature and culture of slavery, abolition and race in the long eighteenth century. My current research is a multidisciplinary project analysing the competing discourses that constructed representations of slave women and their bodies in contemporary literary and historical texts and in the visual arts. The work for this emerged out of research for my monograph, Slave Masters and the Language of Self: Traders, Planters and Colonial Agents, , currently under consideration. At The Moore I am undertaking further research on the background of Nicholas Owen an Irish-born eighteenth-century slave trader who lived on the Guinea Coast in the s.

    In this project, which combines seminar presentation and dramatised reading of two plays, Lekan Balogun examines how two cultural practices Osu among the Igbo of southeast Nigeria and Opo-sisu among the Yoruba in the southwest encourage gender violence, and the social implication of their continued practise by the people. The influence of Ireland on the social investigator Flora Tristan My research focuses through an interdisciplinary lens on nineteenth-century political ideas of the early nineteenth-century feminist socialist writer and activist, Flora Tristan — As the leading scholar of Flora Tristan studies with the first annotated translation of her journal and the first book ever published on her correspondence, I have published and presented papers in French History and in Gender Studies in a wide international community.

    Publications: Cross MF. French Studies , 70 3 , She is completing her first monograph, Bede and Time, which examines intersections between theology and the medieval science of computus in early medieval Britain and Ireland. Yose, R. MacCarron, Royal Society Open Science 5 , which attracted positive reports in the national and international media, and the inter-disciplinary essay collection Maths Meets Myths: quantitative approaches to ancient narratives, ed. Kenna, M. MacCarron Springer Verlag Project title in The Moore Institute: Women and Ageing: Private Meaning, Social Lives My primary research lies in twentieth century and contemporary Irish women's fiction, popular culture, and cultural theory.

    I previously lectured in English in the University of Limerick. I am registered with the Teaching Council of Ireland. Her interdisciplinary research explores the relationship religion and politics in the contemporary period. She is currently working on a monograph exploring the Catholic Church's response to the conflict in Northern Ireland, Noone ul. After beginning his musical career as a guitarist and drummer in Brisbane and Sydney in the mid 90's, Matthew fell in love with the sarode in a trip to India in He has performed Indian music across the globe and was a founding member of successful fusion group, The Bahh Band.

    Matthew plays two unique hybrid sarodes which were created with funds from the Music Network. It is an extension of my previous research in exploring Irish traditional music and Orientalist discourse through an Arts Practice and performance based methodology Noone, This research will use the collaborative artistic practice of two musicians Matthew Noone on the sarode and sean-nos singer Lillis O Laoire as a case study to explore the veracity of Irish-Indian musical sympathies. She has worked closely with the James Bay Crees Eeyou Istchee , in northern Quebec for more than twenty years and is one of the lead researchers on an ambitious proposal to create the Tawich Marine Conservation Area in the eastern part of James Bay.

    She has maintained a research partnership since the early s with indigenous Torres Strait Islanders in northern Queensland, Australia. This work has focused on the documentation and mapping of Islander knowledge, customary tenure and resource harvesting practices. Her most recent work is focused on the connections of indigenous Islander women to seaspace.

    The research she will conduct during her time with the Moore Institute represents a departure from her work with indigenous coastal communities. Monica hopes to contribute to the documentation of the history of seaweed harvesting along the Atlantic seaboard. She is particularly interested in the system of customary arrangements that evolved over the centuries for access and rights to collect seaweed.

    She is the author of A 'Manly Study'? She has a secondary interest in film history and has contributed essays to Film Notes, published by the Brattle Theatre in Cambridge, Massachusetts. As a Moore Institute Fellow, she plans to undertake preliminary research on NUI Galway's female academics, and their contributions to scholarship and public life, using the resources of the Hardiman Library, particularly the Archives and Special Collections. Project title in The Moore Institute: The Epistula ad Dardanum: an annotated critical edition and translation with a study of its sources, manuscript diffusion, iconography and posterity.

    I will talk about the textual problems of the short letter known as Epistula ad Dardanum de diversis generibus musicorum Letter to Dardanus about different kinds of musical instruments during the colloquium organised by Dr Bisagni about this text and medieval music on the 24th of May. The Epistula ad Dardanum de diversis generibus musicorum is a fascinating text, of probable Irish origin, which provides descriptions and allegorical interpretations of the musical instruments mentioned in the Bible.

    Falsely attributed to Jerome, this text has been widely diffused throughout medieval Europe in more than 70 manuscripts dating from the 9th century onwards. Several of them are accompanied by illustrations depicting the biblical instruments. This short letter raises many questions concerning its author, its date of composition, its sources, its influence on medieval iconography of musical instruments and its posterity. To answer all these questions, a critical edition based on all the known manuscripts is urgently needed.

    Over the past year, Dr Bisagni and I have begun to collaborate towards the production of such a critical edition. In particular, I am comparing these copies in order to establish the stemma codicum the genealogical tree of these manuscripts. Moreover I am analysing the contents of the manuscripts in order to understand in which scholarly context the Letter to Dardanus was most frequently copied : biblical exegesis, allegory, or music theory.

    Within this overarching frame, my research interests lie in critical approaches to contemporary performance and the relationship between performance and the wider socio-cultural and political contexts in which it is made. My work is engaged with poststructuralist and political philosophy, is interdisciplinary in nature and particularly focused on questions of spectatorship, witnessing, trauma and ethics and is concerned to explore the socio-political efficacy of theatre, performance and other cultural practices. While at the Moore Institute I will be researching non-traditional performance forms e.

    Project Title in the Moore Institute: The impact of deforestation on Irish culture: a sylva sylvarum for treeless places. He has previously explored the poetics of sustaining places in unsustainable times with colleagues at NUI Galway. On this occasion he is drawing on the Tim Robinson archive, held at NUI Galway , to gain an insight into the impact of deforestation on the Irish psyche.

    Deforestation is a symptom of rapid colonisation throughout the Anglophone diaspora. Besides its obvious environmental impact, it threatens the spirits of place evidenced in myth, song, toponymy and medicinal practice said to reside in woods, trees and plants more generally. What is the cultural impact of this legacy of loss, and what role have artists and writers in addressing its implications for reafforestation whatever form that may take? Paul hopes that the study commenced here will be the basis of a network of methodologically convergent projects that examine these issues across Europe.

    He has two forthcoming publications: Decolonising Governance: Archipelagic thinking Routledge and Amplifications: poetic migration, auditory memory Bloomsbury. Peter Glazer is a playwright, director, writer and scholar. Other theater pieces Glazer has written or co-written include Foe, adapted from Nobel Prize winner J. My research interests include: vanguardism political and aesthetic ; the quotidian viscerality, taste, abjection, affectivity ; and, increasingly, satire.

    In this regard, I have written on everyday emotions, the relationship between subjectivity and otherness, and about the recasting or reconsideration of human desire so that it is not confined to the much-discussed spheres of sexuality or power. The book explores banal longings such as the desire to laugh, or risibility, and boredom--the desire for any desire at all.

    Philosophers I've written about in relation to these affective states include Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Bataille, Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, and Levinas. In , I brought the archive of the poet, visual artist, and activist Anna Mendelssohn to Sussex Special Collections. Also known as Grace Lake, Mendelssohn was devoted to an international vanguard tradition, one artistic and political in scope; radicalism, feminism, and Mendelssohn's Jewish heritage are key concerns of her work.

    I am currently editing Mendelssohn's poetry and prose for publication. In I published an edited volume of Mina Loy's previously unpublished fiction and essays, and I am currently completing a monograph about her satire, which is forthcoming with Edinburgh University Press. The book is entitled Mina Loy: Anatomy of a Sentient Satirist, and considers Loy's satire as one engaged in a pursuit of intimacy, one inextricable from violence and aggression.

    My proposal for the Moore Institute was centred on a reworking of a chapter from this volume. Sean Borodale is one of 's Next Generation Poets. Shonagh is engaged in national and international scholarly communities as a member of the Irish Society for Theatre Research and is a member of the Feminist Research Working Group of the International Federation for Theatre Research. Moynihan exeter. Her research and teaching interests cluster around Irish, American and Transatlantic Literature and Culture, particularly in relation to questions of race, migration, displacement and diaspora. At the Moore Institute, Moynihan will work on a new project that identifies the seaside resort as an important space in Irish literature of the past fifty years.

    Specifically, it argues that just as British and Irish seaside resorts were undergoing profound transformation — what John K. The book will contribute to international scholarship in two broad ways. Firstly, it proposes recently expanded understandings of scenography as frameworks for uncovering more holistic theatre and performance histories, tracing further-reaching genealogies of contemporary practice. Secondly, it will offer the first major study of scenography in relation to Irish theatre, a field in which literary critiques have, until recently, dominated historiography.

    Her work also has appeared in several edited collections and such journals as Scene, Irish Studies Review and the Journal of Adaptation in Film and Performance. She is on the executive committee of the Irish Society for Theatre Research and was part of the production team for the Irish exhibition at the Prague Quadrennial of Performance Design and Space in Formerly a soloist with the Scottish Ballet, Glasgow, she also writes on the history and aesthetics of dance.

    She was awarded a Leverhulme Fellowship to work on Samuel Beckett and choreography. My research focuses on the acculturation of sports and on cultural dynamics. During my master, I researched on the wrestling culture in Brittany and Ireland, in relation with the Celtic revival periods. Recent publications : Philippe, T.

    Wrestling in 19th to early 20th century Ireland and the ethnic stereotype of the Irish fighter in the USA. Philippe, T. From Prize fighting to Pride fighting. In Rencontres Bretagne — Ecosse. Selected and Revised by Mrs Griffith: Elizabeth Griffith, translation, transmission and cultural transfer. Building Austerities: Irish antiquarian and non-conformist Quaker sources of ascetic restraint in architecture.

    Global Citizenship discourses and the ethics of Internationalisation in Higher Education: a comparative study of Ireland and Scotland. Community Radio and the Irish connection: tracing the development of a concept in the United Kingdom. Desmond hiw. A methodological case study of the recovery of a female voice absorbed into a male-authored historical tradition: Dorothy Arundell and her Life of Father John Cornelius. Working-class political and religious networks: the role of the Irish Catholic press in Britain, Research for a monograph provisionally entitled Understanding Northern Ireland: Colonialism, Control and Consociation.

    The depiction of the psychai of the dead on fifth-century B. Greek funerary vases and what it can contribute to our understanding of common, contemporary belief concerning the dead. Ballads in collections, ballads in traditions: ballad scholarship and the digital turn in textual studies.

    The practical relevance for mental health and well being of Augustine's theory on evil and suffering. Andrews alexanderjohara gmail. Barry Nevin Trinity College Dublin barbarianjay gmail. Brendan Twomey Trinity College Dublin twomeyb tcd.

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      Treasa de Loughry University College Dublin treasa. Veronica Johnson Independent Scholar veronicajohnson eircom. Vicky Angelaki University of Reading v. William Taylor University of Western Australia bill. Angela Byrne University of Greenwich, London a. For the real interest rate r t we take the official Bank of England base rate minus the previously created price index.

      A quarterly series for population is created from mid-year population estimates using linear interpolation. It is typical in the literature to address the endogeneity of the explanatory variables by using an instrumental variables approach. Table A. Secondary studies simply borrow estimates from existing studies of consumer demand e. Blundell et al. So far as the United Kingdom is concerned there seem to be three studies of the demand for food undertaken for the purposes of estimating: Evans and Sezer , Evans b and Evans et al.

      The obvious limitation of all these studies is the absence of any simultaneous evidence suggesting that food is additively separable. And with the typical level of aggregation adopted in consumer demand studies, an estimate of 1—3 is entirely plausible. The approach taken here is to analyse the demand for food using the Rotterdam demand system whilst explicitly testing the validity of the restrictions associated with the additivity assumption.

      The Rotterdam demand system has long served as a vehicle for testing the theoretical postulates of consumer demand theory. Furthermore the Rotterdam system has been found comparable to the more modern AIDS system in terms of its ability to estimate the value of key parameters. For a recent discussion of the Rotterdam model and evidence of its enduring appeal presented in terms of the number of papers published using the Rotterdam demand system relative to other well-known demand systems see Clements and Gao Of particular interest to us is the fact that the Rotterdam system may be used to test and impose the restrictions associated with additivity in a relatively straightforward manner.

      These methodologies were recently reviewed by Outreville Friend and Blume The attractions of this approach are its simplicity and the ubiquity of insurance. In order to produce estimates of the coefficient of relative risk aversion for the United States as well as test whether or not it is constant Szpiro uses time series aggregate data on total wealth comprising the wealth of households, non-profit organisations, the Government and the net foreign balance.

      The insurance data he uses relates to property and liability insurance. With these data Szpiro determines that the coefficient of relative risk aversion is constant with respect to wealth and takes a value between 1 and 2. In order to estimate the coefficient of relative risk aversion for the United Kingdom using this technique we combine data on wealth from the ONS with data on non-health non-life insurance premiums and claims for domestic risks from the European insurance industry database.

      Estimates of the coefficient of relative risk aversion for the UK using insurance data.

      New Estimates of the Elasticity of Marginal Utility for the UK

      All things considered how satisfied or happy are you on a scale where 10 represents the maximum possible level of satisfaction and 1 the lowest level of satisfaction? The functional relationship h between S and U determines the appropriate estimation technique. The least restrictive approach is to assume only an ordinal association between reported life satisfaction and utility. So if an individual reports an 8 one ought merely to assume that they are more satisfied than if they had reported a 7.

      This entails use of the ordered logit model. Analysing such data using ordinary least squares by contrast assumes a linear association between the utility of each respondent and their reported life satisfaction. Layard et al. Furthermore the hypothesis of parameter homogeneity cannot be rejected. This latter finding is of interest because our estimates arise out of very different situations where others e.

      Atkinson et al. If the weighted equal sacrifice study is excluded the fixed random effects pooled estimate of the remaining studies rises to 1. If the historical equal sacrifice study is omitted then the fixed random effects pooled estimate of the remaining studies is unchanged at 1. If the additive preferences-based estimate is omitted the fixed random effects pooled estimate of the remaining studies is 1.

      If the insurance-based estimate is omitted the fixed effects pooled estimate is 1. Using a convenience sample the stated preference survey of Atkinson et al. Concern about the long-run also raises questions about the appropriate period of data that should be used to determine the average growth rate. Once again we undertake a sensitivity analysis by distinguishing between Green Book growth assumptions and a longer run approach. Table A2 in the Appendix presents the results of the AR 1 estimation on per capita consumption growth in the UK using the long and the short time series of growth data.

      Models 1 and 3, both use the raw per capita consumption growth data. The smoothing removes cyclical and short term fluctuation which may not be appropriate for discounting distant time horizons Newell and Pizer ; Muller and Watson A comparison of Models 1 and 3 shows that average growth differs radically depending on which time period is analysed. Between and , which is the period deemed relevant by the Green Book, per capita consumption has an annual growth rate of 2. However, between and annual growth has been a mere 1.

      This result is not affected by data smoothing. It is a moot point as to which period is more appropriate in the context of social discounting. Persistence, which is important for estimating the term structure of discount rates, differs depending on whether smoothed or unsmoothed data is used.

      This is to be expected and raises further empirical issues of consequence for estimating the term structure of discount rates. As elsewhere e. Gollier , the prudence effect is very small due to the relatively low variance of g. The main surprise however, is that explicitly accounting for the diffusion process of per capita consumption growth, and hence taking into account the uncertainty and persistence of growth, the resulting term structure of discount rates barely declines at all.

      This result is irrespective of whether the data is smoothed or not. The short horizon rates are at most only 0. More important from the perspective of discounting the distant future, is the selection of the historical time series for per capita consumption growth. This is a full percentage point lower when the period — is considered rather than the current Green Book choice of — The message of this application is that our estimate of the elasticity of marginal utility leads to an increase in the SDR currently recommended in the Green Book, all else equal.

      Also, the current HM Treasury guidance that declining discount rates should be used for long-time horizons is seemingly not justified by our inspection of the time series properties of per capita consumption data. Care is needed though since we have not undertaken an exercise in model selection for the diffusion process.

      Of course, the high theoretical value for the risk-free rate is partly a manifestation of the risk-free rate puzzle Weil The risk-free rate puzzle is a potential problem for the SRTP approach to discounting if one thinks that the SRTP should be a predictor of the market risk-free rate. This is not the view in the Green Book however, whose approach to defining the SWF is normative, and not intended to have predictive power over interest rates.

      Nevertheless, the calibration does raise further issues about the validity of including catastrophic risk in the SDR, the treatment of systematic risk, and the potential for an SDR which adjusts to reflect current macroeconomic conditions. The theory of the term structure in Sect. In the nomenclature of social discounting this paper has taken a positive revealed preference approach to the estimation of the elasticity of marginal utility, rather than a normative approach Arrow et al.

      Five separate empirical methods have been investigated, each of which uses revealed preference or subjective wellbeing data. The results suggest that the conceptual and empirical approach to estimating the elasticity of marginal utility in the UK is not materially important. Where Atkinson et al. It is possible that the variety of estimates that Atkinson et al.

      Among other benefits of this result, it eliminates at least some of the potential for disagreement among experts on this matter, allowing a focus on other essential issues. That said, we see considerable benefit in attempting to replicate these results using data from other countries. Moreover, whether revealed preference data, based on private decisions, is always an appropriate source of information for the Social Discount Rate remains a matter of debate, particularly when it comes to intergenerational project appraisal.

      At most, the decline should go no lower than 2. Taken on their own, these findings would have significant implications for long-lived man-made assets such as flood defences, biodiversity conservation, slow-growing natural resources such as forests and natural capital valuation more generally. Yet the analysis gives rise to questions about the values of the other parameters if the SDR, since 4.

      This observation places focus on the other parameters of the SDR in the UK context, and also raises the issue of how catastrophic and project risk should be dealt with in a discounting context. The idea that there is a single discount rate for public policy analysis is questionable since projects have different risk profiles and recent work refutes the relevance of the risk free rate for public project appraisal Baumstark and Gollier Ultimately, a unilateral change in the value of the elasticity of marginal utility should not happen without these other issues being dealt with in parallel.

      Other areas for consideration in this regard include judicious estimates of the expected level and diffusion of growth in the twenty-first century. In conclusion, we have used several revealed preference methods to estimate the elasticity of marginal utility in this paper, each with its own interpretation. Currently HM Treasury arguably does not reflect socially revealed preferences. This has implications for how policies and projects are appraised across government and how public resources are allocated over time. A referee suggests that the implications may be more far-ranging in that it serves as a test of whether a uniform value of eta in the public domain is warranted as opposed to more complex approaches such as Epstein-Zin preferences Epstein and Zin For instance the recent appraisal of the high speed rail link from London to Birmingham HS2 used the declining term structure of discount rates:.

      Accounting for changes in the stocks of natural capital in the National Accounts is an initiative of the Natural Capital Committee that reports to the Chancellor of the Exchequer. See NCC for details. The Bank of England undertakes simulations of monetary and fiscal policy in dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models.

      The outcomes are highly sensitive to estimates of parameters such as the elasticity of marginal utility e.

      Account Options

      Nordhaus ; Kaplan et al. Arrow ; Frederickson et al. The impartial consequentialist tradition famously takes the normative view that all generations should be equal treated equally with regard to their utility i. Axiomatic treatments such as Koopmans and agent relative ethics e. This lay at the heart of the debate following the Stern Review e. Dasgupta , Nordhaus and Stern Recent literature on discounting argues that the term structure of discount rates should decline with the time horizon considered e. Arrow et al. The error terms are assumed to be mean zero and i.

      The term structure of the SRTP is then given by:. There are strong arguments to adjust the SDR when off trend. This would lead to low and increasing discount rates in recession, and high and declining ones in the boom times Gollier , Ch4. The Green Book does not deal with project risk in this way. Strictly speaking equal sacrifice combined with a smooth utility function would imply a MTR that continually varies.

      For this reason alone an income tax structure characterised by a limited number of tax thresholds cannot fit perfectly the equal sacrifice model. Concerns also arise when interpreting revealed preference measures of inequality aversion such as this as reflecting intergenerational inquality aversion Gollier Evans for instance, provides evidence for 20 OECD countries. This is in contrast to Stern who considered a family with two children and a medium-sized mortgage.

      Since then the tax system has been radically restructured such that there are no longer any tax allowances for married couples except those over the age of Stern also advises that the data should be weighted according to the number of income tax payers within each income category. Hansen and Singleton offer a more advanced treatment which allows the state equation governing the accumulation of wealth to contain an error term.

      All studies but one use data prior to which was a period of marked financial deregulation in the United Kingdom. In their recent meta-analysis of available estimates of the EIS for different countries Havranek et al. This is not significantly different from our own estimate of 0. In fact the Euler-equation approach also relies on the assumption of an additively separable utility function. In the survey presented by Evans the only available evidence is in the form of point estimates.

      Neither Blundell et al. Both these studies employ microeconomic data whereas all those studies undertaken specifically with a view to estimating the elasticity of marginal utility utilise aggregate data. Troublingly, the only evidence cited in favour of the hypothesis of additivity is Selvanathan The Rotterdam model has in the past frequently been used to test for the assumption of additivity e.

      Barten and Deaton And although the evidence obviously depends on the commodity classification and the time period under scrutiny the assumption of additivity is not generally found to be acceptable. There is also a literature investigating whether the Frisch parameter is indeed constant or increases in absolute terms with income. Note that Szpiro a suggests that the demand for insurance can be determined by multiplying through using either data on premiums or data on claims.

      That is to say that he assumes that either the rate of premiums is constant or that the rate of claims is constant. In later work however Szpiro b and Szpiro and Outreville present estimates based exclusively on the assumption that the claims rate is constant. This estimate is similar to the estimate of 1. Note however that their estimate is obtained using data not on wealth but on GNP and that it is based only on data from to For further information on techniques of meta analysis see Hedges and Olkin For a recently published example of meta-analysis see Beltran et al.