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Unicode Consortium formed by several major firms has adopted ISO 's BMP contents as standards for Unicode and are aggressively pursuing practical application of the standard. At the same time, the "two-shore" between Taiwan and China interactive relationship is changing and exchanges between the two countries are increasing. ISO can be a mutual standard for Chinese codes. Chinese Information specialist from the two countries can jointly discuss the present ISO standards to find out ways of allowing ISO to be more suitable for Chinese Information processing in the two countries, as well as to strengthen the cooperation of information technology between the two countries to improve the information processing techniques further.

Intended Areas of Application This standard is applicable to the processing of Chinese language information. Encoding Considerations 1 Restricted to character sets included in the four tables of standard characters announced by the MOE. Each plane is divided into 94 rows and each row has 94 columns. Altogether, a total number of 8, glyphs can be accommodated in each plane. Character planes 1 to 11 are for standard Chinese characters while character planes 12 to 16 are user-defined areas, allowing users to define glyphs that are yet to be collected in the standard areas.

Character plane one is mainly for frequently used characters. Character plane two is for less frequently used characters. Character plane three is for rarely used characters and frequently used Chinese character variants. Character plane five is for rarely used characters and character plane six and seven are mainly for Chinese character variants. Ideographs defined in character planes one and two were announced national standards on August 4, Principles of structuring character codes 1 Characters and fonts were selected based on the "Table of Standard Chinese Characters" published by the MOE.

Description : There are mainly two hassles associated with the use of Chinese characters. One is that there are a large number of characters and the other is that the number of Chinese character variants is increasing. Currently, the total number of Chinese characters is large but in fact, those frequently used by people are around 5, characters only.

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New words continue to increase, thus making the processing of Chinese language information a hassle. The Table of Standard Character Sets published by the MOE is the work of many years in terms of collection, assessment, analysis and selection. It is an unbiased and objective source of ideographs currently in use and it suits the requirements of general users.

Description : The use of a 2-byte encoding unit will increase processing efficiency and the speed of information transmission also becomes faster. These features meet the requirements of general data processing. Hexadecimal encoding is used as data processors are accustomed to this numbering method and it is the simplest way to represent a 2-byte unit. All control codes are avoided, which are "00" to "20" and "7F" of the code set. A 7-bit code set has 94 code positions and a 2-byte code allows coding for 8, characters, to form one character plane.

Description : At the time of transmitting information, if the characters to be transmitted appeared in different character planes, the control codes used to switch character planes must be sent out first. In order to increase transmission efficiency, words that commonly appear together are defined in the same character plane to reduce the number of times having to switch between character planes. Description : Each character plane is coded in the order of total stroke count, then radicals and lastly, stroke order.

Users are only required to input the actual total stroke count of the character to find out the national standard code. Description of Character Sets 1 Standard Areas Plane One : In order to reduce the number of times required to convert character planes, most frequently used symbols, alphabets and radicals of Chinese characters are coded in character plane one. Coded characters and code areas are as follows: 1. Symbol Area The encoding area for symbols is planned at address to E of character plane one.

The area comprises a total of 3, code positions. Currently, the temporarily coded symbols are listed below : 1 1 x tab 2 28 x punctuation marks 3 89 x brackets and tabulation symbols 4 34 x general symbols 5 51 x academic symbols 6 31 x unit symbols 7 42 numerical symbols including 10 Arabic numerals, 20 Roman numerals and 12 Chinese numerals 8 foreign alphabets including 26 Capital English Alphabets, 26 Small English Alphabets, 24 Capital Greek Alphabets and 24 small Greek Alphabets.

Other than sourcing the 4, characters from the "Table of frequently used standard Chinese characters" published by the MOE, characters and 6 variants frequently used in High School and Primary School textbooks are also coded. Character Plane Two : Coding interval from to is encoded with 7, Chinese characters.

The character set includes 6, characters sourced from the "Table of less frequently used standard Chinese characters" published by the MOE and 1, more frequently used characters sourced from the MOE's "Table of rarely used standard Chinese characters" Character Plane Three : Coding interval from to is encoded with 6, Chinese characters. The character set is sourced from the first section of user-defined character plane 14, which was temporarily coded by the EDPC, Executive Yuan in June The character set includes 1 characters from the last section of user-defined character plane 14, which was temporarily coded by the EDPC, Executive Yuan in June ; 2 characters used in the Residency system and other organizations, ISO Chinese Ideographs Character Set, version 2 and frequently used characters in Information Technology enterprises.

The character set is sourced from the "Table of rarely used characters" published by the MOE, which have not been included in the previous four character planes. The character set includes characters that have not been included in the previous five character planes and the Chinese character variants published by the MOE which are under include 14 strokes. Character Plane Seven : The coding interval from to is encoded with 6, Chinese Characters. The character set includes characters that have not been included in the previous six character planes and the Chinese character variants published by MOE which are under include 15 strokes.

Chinese characters or symbols that have yet to be classified as national standard characters are coded in this area based on user requirements. The code has covered characters as defined in the four "Table of Standard Chinese Characters" namely in the categories of frequently used, less frequently used, rarely used and Chinese character variants. However, since the implementation of the on-line computerized Residency Information System, the characters used to construct the national population database have exceeded the national standard characters by some 30, characters used for names.

To enable data transmission and interchange for this type of character codes, the EDPC, Executive Yuan temporarily defined the interchange codes in user-defined areas: Character Plane Coding interval from to 6D39 is encoded with 6, Chinese characters. Ideographs are sourced from the 15th character plane of the Residency Information System. For easier understanding, existing ideographs and definitions are used. However, amongst the 7, characters defined in character plane 15 of the Residency Information System, there are 2 self-repeating characters and repeated characters that were already included in the first 7 CNS character planes.

To avoid the situation of "one word, two codes", repeated parts are deleted to save the Household Registration and Military Service departments from having to repetitively convert codes; the spaces originally occupied by repeated characters are left blank after deletion. Use G0 character plane by SI, Lock method. Use G1 character plane by SO, Lock method. Use G2 character plane by LS2, Lock method. Use G3 character plane by LS3, Lock method. Use G2 character plane by SS2, Non-lock method.

Use G3 character plane by SS3, Non-lock-in method. For convenience, when the terminal facilities are turned on, the three character sets G0, G1, G2 can be set as ASCII, character plane one and character plane two respectively, and character set G3 can be set as other frequently used character plane.

The Big-5E character set collects 3 radical characters from CNS character plane 1, 3, characters from CNS character plane 3 and 59 frequently used Chinese characters in documents that are defined in CNS character plane 5. They are made up by 6, characters from CNS character planes 1,2,3, 2, characters from character plane 4, characters from character plane 5, characters from character plane 6, characters from character plane 7 and 86 characters from character plane The fact that our national standards are compatible with international standards, is not only going to provide domestic computer manufacturers with a competitive edge in the international market, but in future, when ISO and Unicode are fully developed, Chinese character codes used currently can also be successfully interchanged.

History The EDPC, Executive Yuan was appointed to assist with the problem experienced by many governmental organizations using the Big-5 Code that user-defined characters in electronically transmitted memorandums cannot be successfully interchanged. Encoding Principles of Big-5 Plus 1 Length is kept at double byte. Source of the character set 1 Source of Big-5 plus characters The internally defined character sets of Big-5 are identical to that of CNS character planes 1 and 2.

Thus, Big-5 Plus codes completed in July as part of the extension project also used CNS as the blueprint with "standard character set" and "recommended character set" being completed. The 4, glyphs in the "standard character set" are frequently used Chinese characters in normal documents. Of the 4, glyphs, 4, characters were included in the CNS character plane 3 and characters were included in character plane 4. Piccolo C. Sobrero L. Cortese M. Ferrari M. Di Francesco F. Lazzeri G. Nuzzi M. Home Scienze Groups. An introduction to ideas and methods of the theory of groups. An introduction to ideas and methods of the theory of groups Groups are a means of classification, via the group action on a set, but also the object of a classification.

Leggere Online. La firma digitale. Formazione, archiviazione e tra Master school olympus. Just like everyone else, colour-blind people use the Internet for professional and private purposes. However, they often encounter accessibility problems. Our challenge is to improve their situation by providing easy-to-use HTML5 specifications to developers.

To understand, define and bring solutions to colour-blind people who interact with web interfaces, we are going to conduct user tests with them based on the eye tracking technology. This will allow us to define a corpus of usability rules, according to the level of deficiency of the colour-blind persons. These rules will help us to develop solutions, validate them with other user tests and later develop HTML5 specifications that can be used in CSS.

The challenge is not only helping developers with easy-to-use HTML5 markups, but also make them aware of the situation and together build a better Internet with more accessible websites. Created on 6 September 27 Participants. The mission of the Community Council is to promote Community and Business Groups and ensure that they function smoothly. The Council's activities include: documenting good community practices, reaching out to new communities, identifying opportunities for collaboration between groups, helping groups transition to the standards track if they so desire, and routine group maintenance.

The Community Council will also discuss existing and new features and other ways to enhance the Community Group experience. Anyone may join the Community Council. This group will seek to make decisions when there is consensus and with due process. Created on 1 September 16 Participants.

This group will focus on applying current information technologies to create a foundation of infrastructure for organizing the flow of resources and support with services within human community. All peers individuals or projects can state their needs input and offers output.

Using Semantic Web, Federated Social Web and other related technologies people can develop various approaches of connecting those needs and offers. Including variants with and without use of currencies. Created on 8 January 0 Participants. Open access of citizens to public information is fundamental for the effective functioning of democratic systems.

Within the judicial branch this is often guarded both at local as well as at national level. The group is in incipient phase and contributions are welcome. A extensive proposal is available at ssrn. Created on 28 February 31 Participants. The mission of the Conversational Interfaces Community Group is to enable web developers to collaborate and share conversational experiences for a variety of domains. Most dialogue systems serve interactive experiences in their own domain specific language, causing a fragmented zoo of proprietary formats.

For example, Google Home or Alexa do not share a common intermediate representation, which makes writing wide-spread content inaccessible to the mass audience. We study existing specs and design standards to harness proven techniques into common agreement. See the the Community Group's charter. Created on 6 August Participants. The mission of the W3C Credentials Community Group is to explore the creation, storage, presentation, verification, and user control of credentials. We focus on a verifiable credential a set of claims created by an issuer about a subject—a person, group, or thing—and seek solutions inclusive of approaches such as: self-sovereign identity; presentation of proofs by the bearer; data minimization; and centralized, federated, and decentralized registry and identity systems.

Our tasks include drafting and incubating Internet specifications for further standardization and prototyping and testing reference implementations. Created on 28 October 86 Participants. Please see the group wiki for more details. Created on 20 June 2 Participants. The mission of this group is to create and support a community of competent, internationally certified IT professionals focused on developing the IT Web and mobile based tools for Croatian Agriculture, Business, Education, Health Care, Government and general Social needs. Created on 2 April 27 Participants. This group aims at creating an international and interdisciplinary network of researchers - academic and non-academic - interested in exploring the economic, legal, technical and societal challenges raised and faced by cryptoledger-based applications, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

The purpose of this group is to enable peer support and collaboration for researchers across institutions and disciplines to achieve a better understanding of the opportunities and risks posed by cryptocurrencies and other cryptoledger-based applications. This group includes those doing theoretical analysis, investigating tools and applications that might hinder or support the adoption of alternative cryptocurrencies, or collaborating on the development of new tools to further promote their deployment worldwide.

Created on 5 November Participants. The group will also focus on developing connectivity between the specification and the Data Privacy efforts in the industry, including the W3C Tracking Protection workgroup. Created on 7 November 20 Participants. The Data Driven Standards Community Group focuses on researching, analyzing and publicly documenting current usage patterns on the Internet. Inspired by the Microformats Process, the goal of this group is to enlighten standards development with real-world data.

This group will collect and report data from large Web crawls, produce detailed reports on protocol usage across the Internet, document yearly changes in usage patterns and promote findings that demonstrate that the current direction of a particular specification should be changed based on publicly available data. All data, research, and analysis will be made publicly available to ensure the scientific rigor of the findings. The group will be a collection of search engine companies, academic researchers, hobbyists, protocol designers and specification editors in search of data that will guide the Internet toward a brighter future.

Created on 11 February 24 Participants. Created on 24 May 55 Participants. More concretely, the following steps and deliverables are planned so far. Deliverables Use cases and requirements: in a first step we will collect and align common requirements from industry and also from other stakeholders to identify areas where interoperability is most needed in the handling of personal data. The outcome shall be a prioritized list of requirements for what needs to be covered by shared vocabularies to enable interoperability in the identified use cases.

Alignment of vocabularies and identification of overlaps: in a second document, we will collect existing vocabularies and standardization efforts to identify their overlaps and suitability as starting points to minimally and extensibly cover the requirements prioritized in step one. Glossary of GDPR terms: a third deliverable will be an understandable glossary of common terms from the GDPR and how they shall be covered by the agreed vocabularies.

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The goal of this meeting is have set up a common environment to jointly work on deliverables, and have identified editors for first drafts. Created on 21 December 50 Participants. The mission of this group is to provide a unified data model for data visualization, data visualization API, core model of data visualization methods and category, and domain specific data visualization methods e. Created on 6 February 23 Participants. This group will continue the work started by the Data on the Web Best Practices Working Group in investigating topics such as data versioning, subsetting, data access and metadata.

It will promote discussions about Data on the Web challenges and best practices, evaluating its benefits and any drawbacks. Needs for further standardization will be identified.


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Created on 29 October 7 Participants. The browser will be able to take the responsibility of retrieving the data from a variety of sources and rendering it. The group will outline the language and the full specifications for making this a reality. Created on 24 March 28 Participants.

The mission of this group is to specify and build a reference implementation of Decentralized Communications. Decentralized Communications enables natively inter-operable communication services that are able to trustfully use peer to peer connections without having to use central authorities or services. Decentralized Comms are inherently inter-operable without using standard protocols by using the Protocol on-the-fly concept, where the most appropriate protocol stack to be used, is selected and instantiated at run-time.

Created on 8 April 19 Participants. The goal is to work on interoperable sharing between decentralized platforms. The idea is not to design the perfect protocol but find a consensus that would lead to an interoperable data exchange with sync capabilities, access control, discovery, etc. Created on 25 January 23 Participants. The group will discuss and tentatively specify a format for representing decisions, i. Because of the great variety of applications and decision technologies, this format should focus on the generic, core components of decisions and decision-making information.

Decisions are a source of information in themselves, i. The same holds for information about the decision process. In particular, this group will discuss and study how Semantic Web technologies can facilitate the representation and sharing of decision information. Ultimately, the aim of the group is to study and develop technologies and methods to support better, rapid, and agile decision making. Created on 29 June 57 Participants. The mission of the Declarative 3D for the Web Architecture Community Group is to determine the requirements, options, and use cases for an integration of interactive 3D graphics capabilities into the W3C technology stack.

This group is aimed to extract core features out of the requirements as foundation to propose feasible technical solutions. These should cover the majority of 3D use cases for the Web - but not necessarily all of them. There are upcoming open e. The goal of this CG is to evaluate the necessary requirements for a successful standardization of a declarative approach to interactive 3D graphics as part of HTML documents.

Created on 18 February 67 Participants. The mission of this group is to produce a specification that describes how Web and Linked Data applications can be built using declarative technologies only, minimizing the need for source code. Current software development models involve writing source code mostly in imperative languages and building programs from it. Source code is prone to bugs, and managing it requires developers.

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The declarative approach is instead to push as much application logic from source code to data, so that the application can be managed and reused as data itself, while the software become generic and application-independent. This approach is related to functional languages and to processing pipelines. The generic software works as a processor: it takes the incoming request and the declarative application description and runs it through a pipeline, first retrieving the state of the requested resource or changing it and then rendering it into the requested format, such as a Web page.

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Graphity is a production-level platform for declarative end-user Linked Data applications with an RDF triplestore backend. Please join this group if you're interested in any practical or theoretical aspects of Linked Data, declarative technologies, or Graphity software. Created on 22 October 41 Participants. Our mission is to define and describe a declarative method for developing VR content. Created on 8 July 32 Participants. Data is commonly considered as a new kind of fuel powering economical, cultural and societal changes. From e-governance to smart cities, many examples can be found to argue for the value of open and connected data.

By turning the Web into a data publishing platform Linked Data is a key enabling technology for this. Furthermore is this population sorely in need for the changes data-driven societies benefit from. Created on 22 August 50 Participants. The mission of Digital Asset Management Business Ontology Community Group is to propose, discuss, create and maintain extensions to schema.

Created on 20 June 7 Participants. The mission of the W3C Digital Identity Community Group is to identify and resolve real world identity issues, to explore and build a more secure trusted digital identity ecosystem on internet for people, organizations and things fully controlling, protecting and expressing their identity. Our work focuses on the ecosystem's scalability, interoperability, mobility, security and privacy. We intend to integrate interoperable identity solutions, systems and networks in our ecosystem. Created on 10 October 31 Participants. The mission of the Digital Offers Community Group is to improve E-Commerce on the Web by making it easier and more secure for all actors in the ecosystem to manage, distribute, use, and settle digital offers, including coupons, vouchers, rewards, and loyalty programs.

Created on 24 October 39 Participants. The mission of the Digital Verification Community Group is to study, design, promote, and deploy systems that increase trust on the Web. These systems include, but are not limited to signature systems, data normalization algorithms, and computational proof systems.

Created on 22 January 8 Participants. Distributed Compute Protocol DCP will become the standard for distributed computing by seamlessly integrating with the internet protocol suite. The Compute Resource Allocation algorithm CRAa matches demand for suppliers by efficiently comparing a variety of requirements. DCP is a foundational building block for web 3.

Created on 4 December 11 Participants. Common ground for people developing various collaboration software with notion of "tasks. Emphasis on interoperability, portability and extensibility! Created on 9 February 9 Participants. Current technology and ICT models generate configurations where the same user interface can be offered through different interactions.

These new technological ecosystems appear as a result of the existence of many heterogeneous devices and interaction mechanisms. In this context Web engineering appears as a fundamental research field since it helps to develop device-independent Web applications with user interfaces capable of being distributed and accessed through different interaction modes. This fact makes Web environments to be especially interesting within the scope of this community group. The main goal is to join people working on Distributed Interactions and share their knowledge in aspects related to new interaction paradigms and the way we can manage them in a distributed setting on the World Wide Web.

Created on 28 October 26 Participants. This community group, started by Lee Tien of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, is intended as a companion to the Tracking Protection Working Group with the goal of enabling consumer and privacy groups to participate meaningfully in the WG even if they do not participate in WG conference calls, mailing lists, or in-person workshops.

In the short term, this community group's major goal will be to analyze and respond to the First Public Working Draft, which is expected soon. Created on 8 December 61 Participants. This Community Group focuses on e-learning. Participants will discuss new and existing technologies for e-learning and M-learning.

The group will also talk about the reach, social change and impact of e-learning. Created on 6 February Participants. Created on 14 September 8 Participants. This group is to discuss requirements for an open standard for describing ETL projects, including project structure, sequencing, data flow transformations, data source connectors, for the purpose of transporting ETL projects between commercial and open source ETL tools.

Created on 20 May 0 Participants. Created on 24 April 33 Participants. Created on 13 July 64 Participants. The mission of the Educational Exercises and Activities Community Group is to develop standards for educational exercises and activities and to make recommendations with regard to other standards. Created on 1 November 33 Participants. The aim of this community group is to show how educational and occupational credentials may be described with schema.

Educational and Occupational Credentials are defined as diplomas, academic degrees, certifications, qualifications, badges, etc. They are typically awarded on successful completion of an assessment of relevant capabilities. See also the Connecting Credentials glossary of credentialing terms. The work of this group will complement these, with a focus on integration with schema. Created on 24 July 10 Participants. We will also investigate compression, performance and power-reduction techniques using a variety of data representations.

Created on 7 August 65 Participants. The mission of the Electronic Governance Community Group formerly W3C e-Government Interest Group is to build and strengthen the community of people who actively develop, use or promote the use of W3C technologies to improve the working of government Electronic Government and its interactions with citizens, businesses, civil society and other arms of government Electronic Governance. As a part of its activities, the Group will identify and discuss essential areas of technology, organizational and social change, and related policy issues.

Such areas include but are not limited to: access and accessibility; cloud computing; data licensing; education and outreach; government as a platform; interoperability; information sharing; innovation and innovation transfer; impact, public value and economic evaluation; knowledge management; mobile government; open government; privacy, security and sensitive data; standardization versus adaptation; transparency and accountability; whole-of-government; and others. The discussions will occur, among other places, on the Group's mailing list, in teleconference seminars, and at face-to-face gatherings.

On the topics with sufficient interest and motivated participants, the group will form task forces to produce technical documents and policy recommendations, reach out to relevant communities, and even encourage the formation of specialized EGOV-related community groups. Created on 25 February 57 Participants. The aim of the Emergency Information Community Group is to support the development of semantic vocabularies and common frameworks for information interoperability to ensure the meaningful sharing and aggregation of information to assist in emergency, crisis, and humanitarian functions.

This Community Group provides a forum for the exchange of ideas and experiences, scenarios and requirements, and the development of community specifications to drive future formal standardisation. Created on 18 January 23 Participants. The mission of Enterprise Ethereum is building and advancing Ethereum to enterprise grade technology. The group will build, promote and broadly support Ethereum-based technology best practices, standards and reference architectures. Created on 11 June 23 Participants.

Matching entities across data sources using different identifiers and formats is a pervasive issue on the web. This group revolves around developing a web API that data providers can expose, which eases the reconciliation of third-party data to their own identifiers. OpenRefine's reconciliation API is used as a starting point. Our goals are to document this existing API, share our experiences and lessons learnt from it, propose an improved protocol in the view of promoting it as a standard, and build tooling around it. Created on 17 July 25 Participants. Structural interoperability defines the syntax of the data exchange and ensures the data exchanged between systems can be interpreted at the data field level.

In comparison, semantic interoperability leverages the structural interoperability of the data exchange, but provides a vocabulary so other systems and consumers can also interpret the data. Analytics produced by xAPI statements would benefit from more consistent and semantic approaches to describing domain-specific verbs. The xAPI specification recommends implementers to adopt community-defined vocabularies, but the only current guidance is to provide very basic, human-readable identifier metadata e.

The main objective of the Vocabulary and Semantic Interoperability Working Group WG is to research machine-readable, semantic technologies e. Created on 22 October 31 Participants. Semantic data is available widely and semantic data exploration is becoming a key activity in a range of application domains, such as government organisations, education, life science, cultural heritage, and media. Although on the rise, the current solutions are still maturing and need to take into account human factors to make exploration intuitive or employ necessary computational models to aid the intuitiveness and improve the effectiveness of exploration tasks.

Lessons also can be learned from the commonalities and differences in exploration requirements between different domains. Hence, greater benefits can be achieved by bringing together expertise from different communities, including HCI, Semantic Web, and personalisation with the potential application domain demands. This group is an effort to bring these community together to benefit from the mutual experiences in solving some new and exciting problems. Created on 10 March 7 Participants. Created on 4 June 18 Participants. The wealth of data about cultural heritage collections held within archives world-wide is of great interest for humanities research and education activities.

Yet this data is too often hard to find, created in isolated silos and poorly documented. The mission of this community group is to discuss which standards are needed to facilitate this process. Created on 10 March 12 Participants. XDMDL is proposed as a high level schema language that will allow people to define, share, combine, reference and profile data models.

The proposal has grown out of a requirement recognised within the education community working in the SCORM and xAPI traditions, and it is intended to pilot the specification by demonstrating how it can help improve data interoperability between software systems designed to manage and deliver learning activities. Created on 11 November 64 Participants. Created on 2 September 19 Participants. The mission of this group is to propose new APIs that allow for secure identity federation across domains on the open web.

Created on 2 April 18 Participants. The mission of this group is to create a set of upper ontologies to describe federated infrastructures and their resources. The ontologies will support a number of use cases to semantically manage the whole life cycle of a resource: discovery, selection, reservation, provisioning, monitoring, control, termination, authentication, authorization, and trustworthiness. Created on 12 January Participants.

Current Groups

Created on 15 March 14 Participants. The aim of the Film Industry Community Group is to explore the implementation of Open Web Platform and Semantic Web technologies within the professional world of filmmaking. Created on 13 November 55 Participants. The mission of Financial Industry Business Ontology Community Group is to propose, discuss, create and maintain extensions to schema. Created on 16 April 2 Participants. The mission of FKG group is to create specifications for encoding ontologies that AI Assistants can operate upon enabling them to execute functions embedded in a web page.

Created on 7 February Participants. The mission of the GPU on the Web Community Group is to provide an interface between the Web Platform and modern 3D graphics and computation capabilities present in native system platforms. The goal is to design a new Web API that exposes these modern technologies in a performant, powerful and safe manner. This API will also expose the generic computational facilities available in today's GPUs to the Web, and investigate shader languages to produce a cross-platform solution.

Please see the draft charter. The group is inviting browser engine developers, GPU hardware vendors, 3D software engineers, as well as the broader Web community who have an interest in 3D graphics and efficient computation to participate. Created on 26 September Participants. The goal of the games community group is to improve the quality of open web standards that game developers rely on to create games. Created on 24 June 17 Participants. This group is to explore options and features around a native geometry API for operations on points, vectors, matrices, and so forth. Some features would include finding intersection points, centroids, shape area, and other common use cases, as well as specialized case for mapping.

Created on 19 December 78 Participants. GeoKnow addresses a bold challenge in the area of intelligent information management: the exploitation of the Web as a platform for geospatial knowledge integration as well as for exploration of geographic information. This group will bring together scientists, GIS users, linked Data users, data consumers and providers, interested in the exploitation of linked geospatial data. Created on 13 April 61 Participants. Created on 27 May 4 Participants. The things we will explore are: What Use Cases are organizations trying to solve?

What are the business needs that need to be addressed? What are the possible areas of technical work that needs to be done in W3C and what organizations will support it? Which other organizations does W3C need to work with to insure interoperability? Created on 16 August 26 Participants. A group to work on APIs and other functionality related to rich-text HTML editing, such as 1 the contenteditable and designMode attributes 2 The execCommand , queryCommandEnabled , queryCommandIndeterm , queryCommandState , queryCommandSupported , and queryCommandValue methods on the Document interface 3 what exact effect user actions such as typing text or hitting Enter should have on rich-text editable regions 4 the Selection interface 5 spellcheck for rich-text editable regions, and 6 other functionality related to the foregoing.

The group is expected to work on writing high-quality, detailed technical specifications suited for implementation by major browsers. The group's deliverables are expected to be submitted to the Recommendation track in the WebApps WG after they mature sufficiently. Created on 15 January 11 Participants. The Community in cooperation with the W3C aims to become the canonical release group for HTML Tidy, which has been without a stable, public release since The Community aspires to achieve the agreement and support of the original and current developers to this end.


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  6. The Community will continue to develop HTML Tidy to adapt it to modern standards; to implement testing systems; and to implement robust build systems. Created on 29 January Participants. Issues around the use of HTML in email - documenting what works, what doesn't, and considering ways to improve the situation.

    Created on 14 January 65 Participants. Created on 16 March 55 Participants. The mission of the HTML5 Korean Community Group includes the following: to facilitate focused discussion in Korean of the HTML5 specification and of related specifications to gather comments and questions in Korean about those specifications to collect information about specific use cases in Korea for technologies defined in those specifications to report the results of its activities as a group back to the HTML Working Group and to the W3C membership and community to share an experience of HTML5 best practice in the aspect of web app developer to share up to date information for HTML5 industry including browser tech, web service, hybrid apps and extra.

    Created on 14 February Participants. A group addresses and discusses proposed ideas for HTML5 specifications. Created on 6 February 31 Participants. The HTTPS in Local Network Community Group CG explores the manner of secure communication between browsers and server-capable devices in local network such as set-top boxes, network attached storages, etc.

    groups an introduction to ideas and methods of the theory of groups unitext Manual

    This work has four primary purposes: Improve security and privacy of communication between browsers and server-capable devices. Enable service discovery mechanisms to advertise existence of TLS-enabled server-capable devices. Encourage adoption and implementation of the specification by browser vendors and device manufacturers. Created on 19 February 12 Participants. Haptic feedback can offer significant benefits in terms of accessibility and usability of touch-based interfaces.

    Many mobile devices, such as smart phones and tablets, incorporate built in vibration feedback. As new haptic technologies are expected to emerge in the near term, now is the time to bring interested parties from the research, user, and vendor communities together to examine and discuss standardization, accessibility, authoring, and user experience.


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    4. Math books and ebooks added in Feb. 2018.
    5. Created on 5 April 35 Participants. Hardware token are offering secure services in the field of cryptographic operation, citizen identity and payment to native applications. This community group will analyze use cases where browser and web application developers could benefit from those secure services. The expected deliverables of this community group are 1 documented use cases, 2 technical requirements for implementing those secure services in user agents, 3 draft APIs, 4 group charter - integrating suggested improvements received during the W3C Hardware Security WG charter proposal review.

      Note : by hardware tokens, we mean technologies such as secure chips or secure elements, trusted execution environment, TPM Created on 29 May 42 Participants. Created on 6 September 52 Participants. This community group is focused on bringing high performance computing HPC to the web.

      In particular, we're interested in making the computing and data resources that underlie simulation science, scientific computing, and data-centric science easily accessible through web browsers. The major goal of this community is to accelerate the pace of development of web-based HPC applications.

      Recognizing that we can build on each other's work, and that a consistent approach to developing such tools can enable features that require communication across multiple computing centers, we are interested in sharing technologies and ideas. Created on 10 June 23 Participants. Create an ongoing conversation space around data standards in the human service sector that will involve stakeholders from multiple perspectives including: 1a.

      Diverse substantive areas e. Diverse stakeholder purposes including exchange of data for operational purposes and collection of data for performance measurement, evaluation and policy research. Facilitate the development, improvement and convergence of human service data standards, vocabularies, ontologies, and domain models by: 2a. Fostering wider recognition of existing efforts and artifacts; 2b. Analyzing the strengths, limitations, and areas of overlap, agreement and divergence of existing efforts and artifacts; 2c.

      Identifying areas where standards do not yet exist but are needed; 2d. Convening working groups of diverse composition to develop and improve standards; 2e. Promoting the adoption of standards. This includes but is not limited to information and referral services, income support and other welfare benefits, employment training, homelessness, substance abuse, mental health, child welfare, juvenile justice, domestic violence, and senior services. The borders between the human service sector on the one hand and the health, education and justice sectors on the other hand are not firmly defined.

      The community group will be open to working on any area that is related to the human services and is not entirely within the boundaries of the health, education or justice sectors. Deliverables To be determined. Created on 17 June Participants. Building Web APIs seems still more an art than a science.

      How can we build APIs such that generic clients can easily use them? And how do we build those clients? However, this only allows for very simple and brittle clients that are hardcoded against specific APIs. Hydra, in contrast, is a set of technologies that allow to design APIs in a different manner, in a way that enables smarter clients.

      The foundation is laid by the Hydra Core Vocabulary. It defines a number of fundamental concepts, such as hypermedia controls and collections, which allow machines to understand how to interact with an API. Since all information about the API is available in a machine-readable form, completely generic clients become possible. Created on 1 March Participants. Created on 7 November 43 Participants. The mission of the Improving Web Advertising Business Group is to identify areas where standards and changes in the Web itself can improve the ecosystem and experience for users, advertisers, publishers, distributors, ad networks, agencies and others, and to oversee liaison with existing Working Groups and to create new Working Groups as needed.

      Created on 25 January 67 Participants. This group will not produce Specifications. Created on 8 February 78 Participants. The mission of this group is to discuss, and share matters relating to the profession of Information Architecture. Help us spread awareness of Information Architecture and connect with other Information Architecture pros globally and locally.